Charlemagne was born in in Herstal (Liege) around 747 and died in Aachen on 28 January 814. Also known as Charles the Great, he became king of the Franks in 786 and Emperor of the Holy European Empire in 800.
He fostered the European collective consciousness in the post Roman times. The French and German Nation States relate their origin to his reign. More importantly, he is also considered ‘Pater Europae’, the father of Europe.